Wednesday, March 25, 2015

Relics 'n' Cultures - The Totem

Here we go again with Relics ‘n’ Cultures, Discovering something about mystical object from all over the world. Today’s object is very well known around the globe and has a lot of meanings, some more special than others.  And personally, I think these particular symbols have a very intriguing design. Be ready to discover the many faces of the Totem.

First of all, what actually is a Totem? A totem is a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that used to represent a family, a clan, a lineage, or, most commonly, a tribe. This mystical symbol was used as a reminder of the ancestry or past histories of the clan. While the term "totem" is Ojibwe in origin, belief in guide spirits and objectified gods is not limited to indigenous peoples of the North Americas,  but common to a huge variety of cultures worldwide. Totems can be found in regions of Africa, Arabia, Asia, Australia, Europe, and even the Arctic.

Let’s start from the Native North Americans. As we just said, the word totem comes from the Ojibwe word “dodaem” and means "brother/sister kin". It is the archetypal symbol, animal or plant of hereditary clan affiliations. People from the same clan have the same clan totem and are considered part of the same family. The Ojibwe expert  Basil H. Johnston defines dodaem as:

The bonds that united the Ojibwe-speaking people. The feeling of oneness among people that occupy a vast territory is based not on political, economic, or religious considerations but on totemic symbols that made those born under the signs one in function, birth, and purpose. This means that men and women belonging to the same totem regarded one another as brothers and sisters having kinship obligations to each other.

The extraordinary thing is precisely the profound significance of this object . The mere fact of being born under a totem made other people with the same one to treat you like a real blood relative. This is an ancient prelude to what we nowadays call the “community”. Like brothers of different mothers.

So, in North America, there is a deep relationship between a kin group and its totem. There are severe rules against killing the totem animals, as humans are related with the animals represented on the pole. In some cases, totem spirits (generally the animals but also human forms) are the clan protectors, crests or chiefs and the center of religious worshiping. All the different designs (bears, birds, frogs, people, and various supernatural beings and aquatic creatures) recount old stories owned by those families, and commemorated in special occasions. Carvings an eagle, for example,  should mean pride in the tribe.

Carving artworks into totem poles was a very expressive work for many Native American Indians. But you would say that all Indian tribes carved totem poles, but this is not completely true.  In fact, Indians living in the Southwest, the plains and Inuit Indians didn’t have any mighty trees to carve. Long ago totem poles were found to stand 40 feet tall. Today Indian artists continue to carve trees but some are short and used in homes, and many people think these are a very fantastic decorations . An actual Indian carved totem pole take quite a bit of work, craftsmanship and time to be produced. So it comes to no surprise that a well-made one is quite expensive.


And be careful if you had one. Totem poles may held hidden messages by those that carved them. Carvings were symbols that may tell a story of the carver. Many totem poles no longer exist because of decay and rot. Today these poles are still being carved and enjoyed by collectors. Among the Indian tribe, even raising a totem pole is a big and amazing celebration. First, a hole is dug to stand the pole in. The pole is carried to the site in a ceremony,  attended by hundreds of people. A series of  ropes are used to raise the pole in place. Singing and dancing to drums accompanies the ceremony. And then the carving begins.

But the totems real main characters are certainly animals. There are hidden qualities and natural forces around us.  The animals are the perfect example of expressing the spirit nature of every species and qualities we can learn from. They are psychological and spiritual symbols that convey to us qualities we are needing or lacking in our lives. They are a mirror of us reflecting our own innate qualities to help ourselves better understand our connection to all things. Animal wisdom helps connect to our innate being. In the distant past there was no separation between man and animal. This view is reemerging as we awaken to the knowledge of the animals. We were and are inextricably linked as one. Animals, regardless of culture and location, teach us everything. And this is why they’re so important to the ancient cultures creators of the Totems. 

Totem animals can be seen as different  frequencies with many levels of understanding. Animal teachers will become noticeable when it is time. According to the ancient beliefs,  animals speak to us in many ways; by their numbers, how they act along with the natural actions and reactions to their surroundings. The keys to understanding this language is learning about the animal and discovering those qualities you need to pay attention to. One needs to be perceptive and aware when you see animals that catch your attention and stand out above the perceived norm.  So, this process of understanding is very difficult. And since there are plenty of species of animals, the amount of possible totems is incredible: Earth Animals, Water Animals, Air Animals, Reptiles, Amphibians, Insects and even fantastical or legendary creatures.

tuteng
But there are not just these kind of totems. There are many others, coming from some of the most unthinkable places on Earth:
The Sanxingdui Culture in southern China, dating back more than 5000 years, probably placed bronze and gold heads on totems. Chinese transliterates totem as tuteng (圖騰). Sanxingdui bronze masks and heads appear to have been mounted on wooden poles. Some experts have suggested that totemic culture spread from ancient Asian populations to the rest of the world. Others conclude that totemism arose separately in numerous cultures; but, according to historical studies, totemic cultures in North America are estimated to have been more than 10,000 years old.

Jangseungs
Another kind of totem-like object is the Jangseung or village guardian. This is a Korean carving, usually made of wood and bearing a resemblance to the totem poles of North America. Jangseungs were traditionally placed at the edges of villages to mark village boundaries and frighten away demons or welcome people in. They were also worshipped as village protector gods. Jangseungs were usually carved in the images of janguns (equivalent to admirals or generals) and their wives. Many Jangseungs were also carved laughing, but in a frightening way. Many of the villages felt that the frightening laughter of the Jangseungs would frighten away the demons because the Jangseungs have no fear.

dzi beads
In the Himalayan region, as well as on the whole Tibetan plateau area and adjacent areas, certain jewelry is believed to have totemistic capabilities. Tibetans in particular give much importance to heirloom beads such as dzi beads. Though dzi beads were not produced in ancient Tibet, but by an unknown culture, most ancient dzi beads are owned by Tibetans. Different protective qualities depend on design, number of eyes, damage, color, shine and other characteristics. 

The Polish rodnidze known among the pre-Christian ancestors of the Poles is considered to have been roughly similar to the totem as mentioned above. In historical times, researchers considered that the animals and birds represented on the coats-of-arms of various Polish aristocratic clans may have been remnants of such totems (examples can be seen in Ślepowron coat of arms and Korwin coat of arms, possible remnants of a raven-rodnidze).

But now let’s talk about the deep meanings of these objects in religions. The actual “ Totemism” is a religious belief that is frequently associated with animistic religions, and it was  a key element of study in the development of 19th and early 20th century theories of Indigenous religion, especially for thinkers such as Émile Durkheim, who concentrated their study on such societies. Durkheim said, while he was studying the correlation between social groups and spiritual totems in Australian aboriginal tribes:

All human religious expression was intrinsically founded in the relationship to a group.

The anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss, in his essay "Le Totémisme aujourd’hui" (Totemism Today), argued that human cognition, which is based on analogical thought (the thought of correlation based on analogies), is independent of social context. And totemism, between times in which the religious and universal value was both recognized and  denied, is a perfect example of this thought. At times it was considered typical of a phase of cultural progress, other times it was lacking the most primitive populations. The critical analysis which Claude Lévi-Strauss gives in his essay portraits the phenomenon with a new light, saying that :

Totemism participates in knowledge. The needs it aswers to, the ways it tries to satisfy them , are primarily intellectual . In this sense, it  has nothing archaic or far away from modern cultures 


Even  the father of psychoanalysis  Sigmund Freud, in his book, called Totem and Taboo: Resemblances Between the Mental Lives of Savages and Neurotics, wrote about employing the application of psychoanalysis to the fields of archaeology, anthropology, and the study of religion. He developed it in four different chapters :


  • "The Horror of Incest"
  • "Taboo and Emotional Ambivalence"
  • "Animism, Magic and the Omnipotence of Thoughts"
  • "The Return of Totemism in Childhood"

Each one is linked with details of totemism which were particularly concerning him. It is now considered one of the great landmarks in the history of anthropology. So, these wooden poles have something to do with psychoanalysis studies. 


Last but not least, also the founder  of analytical psychology, the Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist Carl Gustav Jung, in a particular chapter of his last work Man and His Symbols (The Importance of Dreams), Jung wrote of the  “resistance to the idea of an unknown part of the human psyche", saying:


the individual's psyche is far from being safely synthesized; on the contrary, it threatens to fragment too easily under the onslaught of unchecked emotions.... We too can become dissociated and lose our identity. 

Jung also describes cultures who hold totemic beliefs (as he sees them) as primitive.
So, some of the greatest geniuses of history tried to explain their ideas about this beliefs, each one different from the others. 

You’ve always thought totems where just amazing decorations and nothing more. You were absolutely wrong. Totems are much more than that. Maybe now you’re interested to know how your personal totem would be like. Let me know how would it be like… and Never Stop Snooping Around.

Friday, March 13, 2015

Bad Luck Files - Friday The 13th

Beware Friday The 13th … If you’re tempted to do dangerous things, avoid doing that on this dark day. Because all the bad luck of the universe will hopelessly pour over your poor head. Better stand still all day long without moving. This is the thought of the most superstitious people. Personally I have never risked my life due to supernatural activities…well, not more than I usually do everyday. But of course the black shadow of this day is always upon us, threatening and fascinating. There are lots of theories behind the questions “Why is Friday the 13th considered unlucky? Why this evil reputation?”. Or probably I should ask you “Have you ever asked yourselves those question?”. Maybe not, but one of my personal goals is to give answers about questions you've never asked. So, here for you some of the theories about the bad luck around Friday The 13th.

Adam and Eve portrayed by Mark Chagall 
Since unmindful time, everybody has separately considered both Friday and the number 13 such unlucky omens and it was around the late 19th century that the first documented instances started talking about people putting the two together, forming a double-value unfortunate symbol.

But before focusing on those theories, let’s start from the most popular theory as to why Friday is considered an evil day.  Some of the more ancient clues are found in Christianity. By tradition, Friday is considered the day that Eve gave Adam the “forbidden fruit” and they were kicked out of the Garden of Eden.  It’s also said that Adam and Eve died on Friday, even if this is just very improbable because, back then, maybe a definition of “week” was not very simple.

According to Christianity, some of the most devastating  events of the Holy Writings happened of Friday.  The Temple of Solomon was said to have been destroyed on Friday. And Jesus was traditionally considered to have been crucified on a Friday, the day everyone known as Good Friday.  Paradoxically, several references in recent history consider Good Friday the only exception to “The Black List of Fridays”. In fact, a reference from 1857 said:

“Notwithstanding the prejudice against sailing on a Friday… most of the pleasure-boats… make their first voyage for the season on Good Friday”.

Freyja, the goddess of love,
beauty, magic, wisdom, death, and war.
Others theorize that Friday was considered unlucky before Christianity.  According to the Norse legends, The name “Friday” was chosen in honor of the Norse goddess Freyja, who was the multitalented goddess of love, beauty, magic, wisdom, death, and war.  Teutonic people considered the day extremely unlucky, especially for weddings, partially due to the lovely goddess the day was named for. Later, the Christian church tried to demonize this goddess, factor that maybe contributed to Friday’s reputation.

But these are just old theories. We have to wait until around the mid-17th  century to put our hands upon well documented instances of the notion that Friday was popularly considered unlucky among people. The idea continued to spread for over two centuries and by the 19th century was nearly common in almost every cultures.

And now let’s talk about the number 13. As for Friday, there are multiple possibilities for the origin, and the most popular comes again from Christianity. It’s considered incredibly bad luck to have 13 people sitting at the dinner table, which is due to the fact that Judas was by tradition the 13th person to be seated to dine at the Last Supper. This can be connected with an Hindu tradition, according to which it was bad luck for 13 people to gather together for any purpose at the same time.

Loki, the Norse God of Mischief
Also the Vikings of ancient times believed a very similar story.  According to the old Norse myth, 12 gods were feasting at the banquet hall at Valhalla, when Loki, the god of Mischief, showed up uninvited. This, of course, brought the count of gods up to of 13, guilty as charged.  Loki then encouraged Hod, the blind god of winter and darkness, to murder Balder the Good with a spear of mistletoe, throwing all of Valhalla into grief. Another example that having 13 friends for dinner is not a good idea.

As you can see, all these religions are very different between one another, but each one has a black link with this number. So why this demonizing tradition? Someone theorizes the number 13 may have been purposely criticized by the patriarchal religions founders to eradicate the influence of the Mother Goddess. In goddess worshiping cultures, the number 13 was often revered, as it represented the number of lunar and menstrual cycles that occur annually. The believers of this theory think that as the 12-month solar calendar came into use over the 13-month lunar calendar, the number 13 itself became suspect.

Anubis, the Egyptian God of the Afterlife 
What is noteworthy  is that other cultures in the ancient world linked the number 13 with magic and divine. The Ancient Egyptians, just to mention the most “modern” ancient culture of history, believed life was a spiritual journey that was made in different stages. 12 of those stages occurred in this life, but the last one, the 13th, was a joyous upward metamorphosis  to an eternal afterlife. So, to the Egyptians, the number 13 represented death, but not in a bad way like we normally do, but as acknowledgement, glory and eternal life. Of course, it’s always possible the association with death from Egyptian tradition later morphed into death in a fearful sense by cultures influenced by Egypt.

And just like “Friday”, All the legends spread until the 19th century, when the dark connotation was too much eradicated to be controlled. So when did Friday and the number 13 join together for the first time ever, creating the nowadays well known “League of Misfortune”? 

A portrait of The Battle of Hastings
You've probably heard that the Knights Templar were arrested on Friday ( precisely on October 13, 1307).  This could be a fantastic story, but unfortunately it has no historical documentation.

Another explanation everyone believe is connected with King Harold II’s kingdom. In fact, the last day of his domain happened to be on Friday (October 13, 1066). An attempting to King Harold ruling was made by William of Normandy, who gave him the opportunity to renounce his crown. But, like a good king, he refuses the offer. The next day William took it by force during the Battle of Hastings (the battle between these two kings and they’re armies), causing Harold’s brutal death. We need to say in King Harold’s defense that he never surrendered  to the invader.

One of the reports of "The Thirteen Club"
But one of the earliest actual references about the unlucky mixture comes from a club formed by William Fowler.  Fowler was a very skeptical person, and so he decided to prove that these superstitions are baseless. With his brave idea of laughing in the face of death,  he formed a club known as “The Thirteen Club” in which club members would meet in groups of 13 to dine, with their first ever meeting, of course, on Friday the 13th in January of 1881.

Just to make things even worse, club members had to walk under a ladder before sitting down to a table in room 13 of the building they were in.  They also made sure there was plenty of spilled salt on the table before they dined. Welcome to the Bad Luck Compilation.

A slightly earlier documented reference comes from 1869, in the biography of the Italian composer Gioachino Rossini where the author, Henry Sutherland Edwards notes:

"Rossini was surrounded to the last by admiring friends; and if it be true that, like so many Italians, he regarded Fridays as an unlucky day and thirteen as an unlucky number, it is remarkable that one Friday 13th of November he died".

Gioachino Rossini
But let me tell you something: here in Italy, the number 13 strangely isn’t considered unlucky. Nowadays, the unlucky number  is 17 (the main reason is because 17 in Roman numbers is XVII, which can be rearranged to form the word VIXI, I'm no longer with the living) , so for us Friday the 17th became our version of Friday the 13th. Nevertheless, Henry Sutherland Edwards was British so, though he was writing about an Italian composer, applied his own viral superstition to Gioachino Rossini. 

And this is not the only case of a slight difference : in many nations where Spanish influence is prevalent, rather than Friday the 13th being unlucky, it is Tuesday the 13th that holds that honor.

Original first edition of "Friday
The Thirteen" by T. Lawson
Another one of the documented instances of people referencing it in this way, such as the 1907 novel by stockbroker and author Thomas W. Lawson called "Friday the Thirteenth", which told of a stockbroker’s efforts to destroy the market on that particular date.

What makes the Friday the 13th superstition stick so stubbornly in our collective consciousness? Well, the psychological reason is simple. If anything negative happens to us on that specific date, we obviously make a permanent association between the event and the date in their minds, with the final result of demonizing them in our memories.

The point is that human being tend to somatize bad influences, such as the fear of being surrounded by evil energy. For example, the Dutch Centre for Insurance Statistics in 2008 attempted to prove that Friday the 13th was no different than any other day. They ended up demonstrating the opposite. From their results, they found Friday the 13th is actually a slightly safer day to drive than other days, at least using two years’ worth of data from 2006-2008 in the Netherlands.  In that period, there were an average of 7,500 traffic accidents on days that were both Friday and the 13th of the month.  On Fridays that didn’t line up with the 13th, there were an average of 7,800 accidents each day. Their theory is simply that, due to the phobia, less people drive on Friday the 13th and people are more careful when they have to.  They also found similar results with reported fires and crimes, with less happening on Fridays that coincide with the 13th day of the month.
As you can see, there are many reasons Friday the 13th can be seen as a Diabolical Day. But it’s funny to think that these documentations are a little piece of world’s history. It’s not important if you believe it or not. They could just be coincidences…..or maybe not.
HAPPY FRIDAY 13th, Snoopers. Be sure to say away from troubles...

Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Urban Legends - The Bermuda Triangle

Here we are at last. The mystery of all mysteries. If you have never heard of it, you probably live on another planet.  Where a huge number of aircraft and ships are said to have disappeared under paranormal circumstances. This is the Bermuda Triangle. The most dangerous, the oddest, the creepiest, the….. but wait a moment. Documented evidence says most of the incidents were spurious, inaccurately reported , or even embroidered by later imaginative authors . Also the WWF didn't include it in a 2013 study about the 10 most dangerous waters for shipping. Can it be the first worldwide example of “All Talk and No Action”. Let’s find out…
The Bermuda Triangle is a wide area of ocean between Florida, Puerto Rico, and Bermuda. Over the last few centuries, it’s thought that dozens of people have disappeared without a trace in the area. Because of its weird influence, this place earned the nickname “The Devil’s Triangle”. Thousands of people are completely sure that it’s an area of extra-terrestrial activity or that there is some bizarre natural scientific cause for the region to be hazardous; Without a doubt it’s an area in which people have experienced a great amount of bad luck. Not a Strange Doom Game.  

How does this bad reputation started? Christopher Columbus is the one to blame. According to his ship’s log, on October 8, 1492, Columbus looked down at his compass and noticed that it was giving weird readings, without alerting his crew. Of course having a compass that didn't point to magnetic north may have sent crew into a panic. And they were already a little bit angrily after lots of days wandering through the ocean.

This and other reported  apparently malfunctioning compass  in the region gave rise to the theory that compasses don’t work in the Triangle, which isn't exactly right. This was just an exaggeration of what actually happened.  Despite this, in 1970 the U.S. Coast Guard, attempting to explain the reasons for disappearances in the Triangle, claimed this:

First, the “Devil’s Triangle” is one of the two places on earth that a magnetic compass does point towards true north. Normally it points toward magnetic north. The difference between the two is known as compass variation. The amount of variation changes by as much as 20 degrees as one circumnavigates the earth. If this compass variation or error is not compensated for, a navigator could find himself far off course and in deep trouble.

Nowadays, this was continuously repeated as an explanation for disappearances in the Triangle on numerous documentaries and articles. But then it turns out to be an illogical explanation. In fact magnetic variation is something good ship captains (and other explorers) have known about and had to deal with pretty much as long as there have been ships and compasses. Knowing what to do in case of this possibility is the basic knowledge of shipping. So, nothing to be concerned about, nor anything that would seriously throw off any experienced navigator.In 2005, the Coast Guard revisited the issue after a TV producer in London inquired about it for a program he was working on.  In this case, they slightly changed their opinions about the magnetic field.

Many explanations have cited unusual magnetic properties within the boundaries of the Triangle. Although the world’s magnetic fields are in constant flux, the “Bermuda Triangle” has remained relatively undisturbed.  It is true that some exceptional magnetic values have been reported within the Triangle, but none to make the Triangle more unusual than any other place on Earth.

The modern Bermuda Triangle myth didn't become well known until 1950 when Edward Van Winkle Jones wrote an article, published by the Associated Press. Jones reported several accidents of disappearing ships and planes in the Triangle, including five US Navy torpedo bombers that vanished on December 5, 1945, and the commercial airliners “Star Tiger” and “Star Ariel” which disappeared respectively on January 30, 1948 and January 17, 1949. Furthermore, about 135 individuals were unaccounted for, and they all went missing around the cursed area. As Jones wrote:

“They were swallowed without a trace"

And then the alien life forms came in the story, thanks to M. K. Jessup, writer of the 1955 book “The Case for the UFO”.  But unfortunately, no bodies or wreckage had yet been discovered. By 1964, Vincent H. Gaddis wrote an article saying over 1000 lives had been claimed by the area. He also coined the term “Bermuda Triangle” (According to the US Navy, this is just a name without a meaning, because the name is not recognized by the US Board on Geographic Names),  agreeing that it was a “series of strange events.”

The dark obsession hit its major peak in the 1970s, with some of the most specific publication about the controversial topic, including the bestseller by Charles Berlitz, called “The Bermuda Triangle”. And then the fakes were discovered. In fact, critic Larry Kusche, who published “The Bermuda Triangle Mystery: Solved in 1975”, argued that other authors had exaggerated their numbers and hadn't done any proper research. They presented some disappearance cases as “mysteries” when they weren't mysteries at all, and some reported cases hadn't even happened within the Bermuda Triangle. Very imaginative.

After extensively researching the problem, Kusche concluded that the number of disappearances that occurred within the Bermuda Triangle wasn't actually greater than in any other similarly trafficked area of the ocean, and that is the point. Actually, other writers presented misinformation, such as not reporting storms that occurred on the same day as disappearances, and sometimes even making it seem as though the conditions had been calm during the mysterious events, for the purposes of creating a sensational story. In short: previous Bermuda Triangle authors didn't do their research and either knowingly or unintentionally “made it up”. So the most reliable thought is described in Kusche's book.

The book did a fantastic job, convincing everyone that the triangle curse was not something to be afraid of. When authors like Berlitz and others were unable to refute Kusche’s findings, even obstinate believers had difficulty remaining confident in the paranormal Bermuda Triangle narrative. In spite of that, many magazine articles, TV shows, and movies have continued to feature the Bermuda Triangle as a place surrounded by mystery.

Because the number of disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle is no greater than any other similarly trafficked area of the world’s oceans, they don’t really need an explanation. But if you want one, here it is the Coast Guard modern explanation, based on scientific observations and theories:

The majority of disappearances can be attributed to the area’s unique features. The Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current flowing from the Gulf of Mexico around the Florida Straits northeastward toward Europe, is extremely swift and turbulent. It can quickly erase any evidence of a disaster.

The unpredictable Caribbean-Atlantic storms that give birth to waves of great size as well as waterspouts often spell disaster for pilots and mariners. (Not to mention that the area is in “hurricane alley.”) The topography of the ocean floor varies from extensive shoals to some of the deepest marine trenches in the world. With the interaction of strong currents over reefs, the topography is in a constant state of flux and breeds development of new navigational hazards.

Not to be underestimated is the human factor. A large number of pleasure boats travel the water between Florida’s Gold Coast (the most densely populated area in the world) and the Bahamas. All to often, crossings are attempted with too small a boat, insufficient knowledge of the area’s hazards and lack of good seamanship.

But mystery's still languishing underwater. Recent studies have discovered a gigantic structure, perhaps larger than the Great Pyramid of Cheope in Egypt, and initially identified by a doctor in naturopathy in 1968, Ray Brown of Mesa, Arizona.
Brown was in the Caribbean on vacation and making dives with friends in a region of the Bahamas known as "the Tongue of the Ocean." The area acquired that name because a tongue-shaped portion of the seabed extends out from the island before sharply dropping off into much greater depths.
When relating his discovery, the doctor explained he became separated from his diving friends underwater. While attempting to rejoin them he came upon a massive structure rising from the ocean floor: a black, hulking object silhouetted against the lighter sun-filtered water. The object was shaped like a pyramid. Because he was low on air, he didn't spend much time investigating the pyramid, but did find a strange crystal sphere. He brought it to the surface with him and later when the ancient crystal was studied researchers were astonished by its properties.Some scientists believe that the weird power affecting ships and planes in the triangle is some kind of energy source that comes from the depths of the ocean. And this supports the claim that the ancient city-state of Atlantis did exist and it's now underneath the Triangle waters. But this is another story, an we will talk about it soon.

Despite what the scientific truth is, I think this place will always be surrounded by mystery, giving an undeniable charm to the nearby islands. 

And talking about deadly triangles, I present to you another mysterious one, called the Michigan Triangle, an area between Michigan and Wisconsin over the center of Lake Michigan where some strange disappearances have occurred. One mystery was about Captain George R. Donner who vanished from his cabin on the O.S. McFarland as it carted coal to Wisconsin. On April 28, 1937, his second mate went to tell him they were approaching port, but no one could find him anywhere aboard the ship. In another example, a plane was flying above the triangle and apparently just disappeared. Small amounts of debris were found floating in the water, but the rest of the wreckage and bodies of passengers weren't found. Maybe the problem is the geometrical form....What do you think about it ? Maybe a journey in those places would be great, but unfortunately insurance companies don’t actually charge higher premiums for deadly shipping.
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